A fast growing, short lived, deciduous tree occurring throughout Washington at elevations from sea level to 5,000 feet. A mature tree can grow over 100 feet tall, reaching 50 feet in as little as 10 years. This is an important species in riparian zones as its roots are aggressive making it a strong soil binder. Dense stands have been proven more effective at preventing stream bank erosion during flooding than rock work. Important wildlife species providing food and shelter for many species of birds, mammals and occasional reptiles.