Widespread species, occurring abundantly throughout western North America at low- to mid-elevations. Grows as a small deciduous tree or upright shrub, size varies but is typically between 6 to 15 feet tall with an equal spread. Tolerates soils that range from moist to dry and coarse to fine. Grows on sites that vary from full sun to shade, grows best in areas with 12 inches of annual precipitation, good drainage, and moderate exposure. Establishes well in disturbed sites, making it a great conservation species. Excellent plant for enhancing wildlife habitat, berries are food in summer, while foliage provides winter forage. Fragrant white flowers in late spring make this an excellent ornamental plant.