RECOMMENDED PLANTS

Below is a selection of plants that we recommend when installing your pollinator garden. Included is information on wildlife value, height, growth rate, common pollinators, flower type, bloom times, seeding rate, and precipitation range. Please note that this is not an exhaustive list, but rather just some of our favorites! Forbs are listed first, followed by shrubs.

The key to establishing a good pollinator habitat is choosing the correct plants that will bloom throughout the growing season - plants that will provide nectar and pollen desired by insects in spring, summer, and fall.  Ideally, a plant mix will include nine species: three that bloom in spring, three in summer, and three in fall. 

Pollinator website infographic.png
Recommended Forbs for Pollinators
Cardboard Box

Western Yarrow

Achillea millefolium

Mature Height: 0.5 - 1.5'

Growth Rate: Rapid

Wildlife Value: Forage

Attracts: Butterflies and some bees

Flowers: White to yellow

Bloom: June - August (summer)

Precipitation Range: 6 - 25"

Seeding Rate: 0.5lbs/acre

Native

Cardboard Box

Fireweed

Chamerion angustifolium

Mature Height: 2 - 4'

Growth Rate: Rapid

Wildlife Value: Fair to good forage

Attracts: Bees

Flowers: Pink

Blooms: June - September (summer, early fall)

Precipitation Range: 18+"

Seeding Rate: 0.5lbs/acre

Native

Cardboard Box

Showy Daisy

Erigon speciosus

Mature Height: 6 - 32"

Growth Rate: Slow

Wildlife Value: Poor forage

Attracts: Bees and butterflies

Flowers: Purple to white

Bloom: June - August (summer)

Precipitation Range: 18 - 25"

Seeding Rate: 1lb/acre

Native

Cardboard Box

Sticky Geranium

Geranium viscosissimum

Mature Height: 2 - 3'

Growth Rate: Rapid

Wildlife Value: Good forage

Attracts: Bees and butterflies

Flowers: Pink to purple

Bloom: May - June (late spring - early summer)

Precipitation Range: 16 - 25"

Seeding Rate: 20lbs/acre

Native

Cardboard Box

Lewis Flax

Linum lewisii

Mature Height: 1 - 2'

Growth Rate: Moderate to rapid

Wildlife Value: Excellent food

Attracts: Bees

Flowers: Light blue

Bloom: May - July (late spring - mid summer)

Precipitation Range: 9 - 25"

Seeding Range: 5lbs/acre

Native

Cardboard Box

Taper-leaved Penstemon

Penstemon attenuatus

Mature Height: 4" - 3'

Growth Rate: Moderate

Wildlife Value: Fair to good forage

Attracts: Bees and butterflies. Host of some Checkerspot Butterfly larvae

Flowers: Blue, purple, pink

Bloom: May - July (late spring - mid summer)

Precipitation Range: 12 - 25"

Seeding Rate: 1lb/acre

Native

Cardboard Box

Tall Cinquefoil

Potentilla arguta

Mature Height: 1.5 - 3'

Growth Rate: Rapid

Wildlife Value: Fair to good forage

Attracts: Bees and butterflies

Flowers: Pale yellow to white

Bloom: June - July (early - mid summer)

Precipitation Range: 18 - 25"

Seeding Rate: 1lb/acre

Native

Cardboard Box

Missouri Goldenrod

Solidago missouriensis

Mature Height: 0.75 - 3'

Growth Rate: Rapid

Wildlife Value: Fair forage. Seeds eaten by songbirds

Attracts: Bees and butterflies

Flowers: Yellow

Bloom: August - October (late summer - mid/late fall)

Precipitation Range: 12 - 25+"

Seeding Rate: 1lb/acre

Native

Cardboard Box

Alfalfa

Medicago sativa

Mature Height: 2 - 3'

Growth Rate: Rapid

Wildlife Value: Excellent Forage

Attracts: Bees and butterflies. Host of some Blue and Hairstreak Butterflies.

Flowers: Purple

Bloom: May - July (late spring - mid summer)

Precipitation Range: 9 - 25"

Seeding Rate: 5lbs/acre

Introduced

Cardboard Box

Small Burnet

Sanguisorba minor

Mature Height: 1 - 2.5'

Growth Rate: Rapid

Wildlife Value: Excellent forage

Attracts: Bees

Flowers: Green and red

Bloom: June - August (mid - late summer)

Precipitation Range: 12 - 25"

Seeding Rate: 20lbs/acre

Introduced

Cardboard Box

Canada Milkvetch

Astragalus canadenis

Mature Height: 1 - 2.5'

Growth Rate: Moderate

Wildlife Value: Forage and seed food source

Attracts: Bees and butterflies. Is host for some White and Sulphur Butterfly larvae

Flowers: Cream

Bloom: June - July (summer)

Precipitation Range: 16+"

Seeding Rate: 4lbs/acre

Native

Cardboard Box

Threadleaf Fleabane

Erigeron filifolius

Mature Height: 4 - 20"

Growth Rate: Slow

Wildlife Value: Poor forage

Attracts: Bees

Flowers: Blue, pink, white

Bloom: June - August (summer)

Precipitation Range: 6 - 25"

Seeding Rate: 4lbs/acre

Native

Cardboard Box

Wooly Sunflower/Oregon Sunshine

Eriophyllum lanatum

Mature Height: 4 - 24"

Growth Rate: Rapid

Wildlife Value: Food and cover

Attracts: Bees

Flowers: Yellow

Bloom: May - July (late spring - mid summer)

Precipitation Range: 9 - 25"

Seeding Rate: 4lbs/acre

Native

Cardboard Box

Sunflower

Helianthella spp.

Mature Height: 0.75 - 3.5'

Growth Rate: Slow

Wildlife Value: Food and cover

Attracts: Bees, wasps, and butterflies

Flowers: Yellow

Bloom: June - August (summer)

Precipitation Range: 12 - 25"

Seeding Rate: 4lbs/acre

Native

Cardboard Box

Fernleaf Biscuitroot

Lomatium dissectum

Mature Height: 0.5 - 3'

Growth Rate: Slow

Wildlife Value: Good forage

Attracts: Bees, flies, beetles, & butterflies. Host for Anise and Indra Swallowtail Butterfly larvae

Flowers: Yellow-green

Bloom: May - July (late spring - mid summer)

Precipitation Range: 12 - 25"

Seeding Rate: 20lbs/acre

Native

Cardboard Box

Yellow Penstemon

Penstemon confertus

Mature Height: 0.75 - 2'

Growth Rate: Moderate

Wildlife Value: Fair to good forage

Attracts: Bees and butterflies. Host of some Checkerspot Butterfly larvae.

Flowers: Pale yellow

Bloom: June - July (early - mid summer)

Precipitation Range: 18 - 25"

Seeding Rate: 2lbs/acre

Native

Cardboard Box

Slender Cinquefoil

Potentilla gracilis

Mature Height: 1 - 2'

Growth Rate: Rapid

Wildlife Value: Poor to fair forage

Attracts: Bees and butterflies

Flowers: Yellow

Bloom: June - July (early - mid summer)

Precipitation Range: 18 - 25"

Seeding Rate: 1lb/acre

Native

Cardboard Box

Western Mountain Aster

Symphiotrichum spathulatum

Mature Height: 0.5 - 3'

Growth Rate: Moderate

Wildlife Value: Excellent food and cover

Attracts: Bees, butterflies, and beetles. Larval host of some Crescent butterflies

Flowers: Purple

Bloom: July - October (mid summer - mid/late fall)

Precipitation Range: 12 - 25"

Seeding Range: 2lbs/acre

Native

Cardboard Box

Yellow Blossom Alfalfa

Medicago sativa ssp. falcata

Mature Height: 2 - 3'

Growth Rate: Fast

Wildlife Value: Excellent Forage

Attracts: Bees and butterflies

Flowers: Yellow

Bloom: May - July (late spring - mid summer)

Precipitation Range: 9 - 25"

Seeding Rate: 5lbs/acre

Introduced

Cardboard Box

Clover species

Trifolium spp.

Mature Height: 0.5 - 1'

Growth Rate:

Wildlife Value: Excellent forage

Attracts: Bees and butterflies. Host for some White and Sulphur Butterfly larvae

Flowers: White, red, pink

Bloom: May - July (late spring - mid summer)

Precipitation Range: 18 - 25+"

Seeding Rate: 4lbs/acre

Introduced

Cardboard Box

Arrowleaf Balsamroot

Balsamorhiza sagittata

Mature Height: 1 - 2'

Growth Rate: Slow

Wildlife Value: Fair forage

Attracts: Bees

Flowers: Yellow

Bloom: April - May (spring)

Precipitation Range: 16 - 25"

Seeding Rate: 18lbs/acre

Native

Cardboard Box

Shaggy Daisy

Erigeron pumilus

Mature Height: 2 - 20"

Growth Rate: Slow

Wildlife Value: Poor forage

Attracts: Bees and butterflies

Flowers: White, blue, pink

Bloom: May - July (late spring - mid summer)

Precipitation Range: 6 - 25"

Seeding Rate: 1lb/acre

Native

Cardboard Box

Blanketflower

Gaillardia aristata

Mature Height: 1 - 1.5'

Growth Rate: Moderate

Wildlife Value: Excellent food and cover

Attracts: Bees and butterflies

Flowers: Orange to Yellow

Bloom: July - September (mid summer - early fall)

Precipitation Range: 16 - 25"

Seeding Rate: 6lbs/acre

Native

Cardboard Box

Prairie Smoke

Geum triflorum

Mature Height: 1'

Growth Rate: Moderate to rapid

Wildlife Value:

Attracts: Bees

Flowers: Yellow (enclosed by pink sepals)

Bloom: May - July (late spring - mid summer)

Precipitation Range: 18 - 25+"

Seeding Rate: 2lbs/acre

Native

Cardboard Box

Nineleaf Biscuitroot

Lomatium triternatum

Mature Height: 2 - 3'

Growth Rate: Slow

Wildlife Value: Good forage

Attracts: Bees, flies, beetles, & butterflies. Host for Anisa and Indra Swallowtail Butterfly larvae

Flowers: Yellow-green

Bloom: May - June (late spring - early summer)

Precipitation Range: 9 - 25"

Seeding Rate: 20lbs/acre

Native

Cardboard Box

Hotrock Penstemon

Penstemon deustus

Mature Height: 0.75 - 2'

Growth Rate:

Wildlife Value: Fair to good forage

Attracts: Bees and butterflies

Flowers: White

Bloom: June - July (early - mid summer)

Precipitation Range: 9 - 25"

Seeding Rate: 3lbs/acre

Native

Cardboard Box

Canada Goldenrod

Solidago canadensis

Mature Height: 3 - 5'

Growth Rate: Rapid

Wildlife Value: Fair forage. Seeds eaten by songbirds

Attracts: Bees and butterflies

Flowers: Yellow

Bloom: August - October (late summer - mid/late fall)

Precipitation Range: 18 - 25+"

Seeding Rate: 1lb/acre

Native

Cardboard Box

Blue Flax

Linum perenne

Mature Height: 1 - 2'

Growth Rate: Moderate to rapid

Wildlife Value: Excellent Food

Attracts: Bees

Flowers: Light blue

Bloom: May - July (late spring - mid summer)

Precipitation Range: 9 - 25"

Seeding Rate: 4lbs/acre

Introduced

Cardboard Box

Sainfoin

Onobrychis vicifolia

Mature Height: 2 - 5'

Growth Rate: Rapid

Wildlife Value: Excellent Forage

Attracts: Larger Bees

Flowers: Pink

Bloom: May - July (late spring - early summer)

Precipitation Range: 14 - 25"

Seeding Rate: 34lbs/acre

Introduced

Recommended Shrubs for Pollinators
Cardboard Box

Snowberry

Symphoricarpos albus

Mature Height: 2 - 4'

Growth Rate: Moderate

Wildlife Value: Food, berries, browse, and cover

Attracts: Butterflies, bees, and hummingbirds. Larval host of the Snowberry Checkerspot Butterfly

Flowers: Pink

Bloom: June - August (mid - late summer)

Precipitation Range: 18 - 25+"

Native

Cardboard Box

Nootka Rose

Rosa nutkana

Mature Height: 3 - 6'

Growth Rate: Moderate

Wildlife Value: Nesting, cover, and excellent food

Attracts: Bees, butterflies, and beetles

Flowers: Pink

Bloom: May - July (late spring - mid summer)

Precipitation Range: 16 - 25"

Native

Cardboard Box

Antelope Bitterbrush

Purshia tridentata

Mature Height: 2 - 6'

Growth Rate: Moderate

Wildlife Value: Cover and fall forage

Attracts: Bees, butterflies, and flies. Larval host of some Hairstreak Butterflies

Flowers: Yellow

Bloom: May - June (late spring - early summer)

Precipitation Range: 11 - 24"

Native

Cardboard Box

Lewis' Mockorange

Philadelphus lewisii

Mature Height: 4 - 8'

Growth Rate: Slow

Wildlife Value: Food (berries)

Attracts: Bees and butterflies

Flowers: White

Bloom: May - June (late spring - early summer)

Precipitation Range: 12 - 25"

Native

Cardboard Box

Sulphurflower Buckwheat

Eriogonum umbellatum

Mature Height: 0.5 - 2'

Growth Rate: Moderate

Wildlife Value: Cover and fall forage

Attracts: Moths, butterflies, and bees. Larval host of some Blue Butterflies

Flowers: Yellow

Bloom: July - September (mid summer - early fall)

Precipitation Range: 6 - 25"

Native

Cardboard Box

Redstem Ceanothus

Ceanothus sanguineus

Mature Height: 2 - 6'

Growth Rate: Rapid

Wildlife Value: Elk browse, berries for birds

Attracts: Bees and butterflies. Larval host for the Pale Swallowtail and some Hairstreak and Blue Butterflies

Flowers: White

Bloom: May - June (late spring - early summer)

Precipitation Range: 18 - 25"

Native

Cardboard Box

Blue Elderberry

Sambucus nigra ssp. cerulea

Mature Height: 6 - 15'

Growth Rate: Moderate

Wildlife Value: Nesting and food

Attracts: Bees, nesting bees, butterflies, beetles, and flies

Flowers: White to cream

Bloom: June - July (early - mid summer)

Precipitation Range: 18 - 25+"

Native

Cardboard Box

Wax Currant

Ribes cereum

Mature Height: 3 - 4'

Growth Rate: Moderate

Wildlife Value: Berries and cover

Attracts: Early spring bees and bumblebees, butterflies, and flies. Larval host of some Angelwing Butterflies

Flowers: White, green-ish white, pink

Bloom: April - May (spring)

Precipitation Range: 16 - 25"

Native

Cardboard Box

Chokecherry

Prunus virginiana

Mature Height: 10 - 20'

Growth Rate: Moderate

Wildlife Value: Excellent food and cover

Attracts: Bees and butterflies. Larval host of the Two-Tailed Swallowtail (largest butterfly in PNW)

Flowers: White

Bloom: May (spring)

Precipitation Range: 12 - 25"

Native

Cardboard Box

Oregon Grape

Mahonia aquifolium, M repens

Mature Height: 1 - 2' (M. repens); 3 - 5' (M. aquifolium)

Growth Rate: Rapid

Wildlife Value: Food and cover

Attracts: Bees

Flowers: Yellow

Bloom: May - June (late spring - early summer)

Precipitation Range: 16 - 25+"

Native

Cardboard Box

Shrubby Cinquefoil

Dasiphora fruiticosa

Mature Height: 2 - 4'

Growth Rate: Slow

Wildlife Value: Food and cover

Attracts: Moths, bees, butterflies, beetles, and flies

Flowers: Yellow

Bloom: May - June (late spring - early summer)

Precipitation Range: 18 - 25+"

Native

Cardboard Box

Siberian Peashrub

Caragana arborscens

Mature Height: 6 - 20'

Growth Rate: Rapid

Wildlife Value: Nesting

Attracts: Larger bees (especially bumblebees)

Flowers: Yellow

Bloom: April - June (mid spring - early summer)

Precipitation Range: 6 - 25"

Introduced

Cardboard Box

Wood's Rose

Rosa woodsii

Mature Height: 3 - 6'

Growth Rate: Moderate

Wildlife Value: Nesting, cover, and excellent foodw

Attracts: Bees and butterflies

Flowers: Pink

Bloom: May - July (late spring - mid summer)

Precipitation Range: 12 - 25"

Native

Cardboard Box

Golden Currant

Ribes aureum

Mature Height: 4 - 6'

Growth Rate: Moderate

Wildlife Value: Nesting, cover, and fruit

Attracts: Early spring bees and bumblebees. Larval host of some Angelwing Butterflies

Flowers: Yellow

Bloom: April - May (spring)

Precipitation Range: 16 - 25"

Native

Cardboard Box

Ninebark

Physocarpus malvaceus

Mature Height: 1.5 - 6'

Growth Rate: Slow

Wildlife Value: Food and cover

Attracts: Bees and butterflies

Flowers: White

Bloom: June (early summer)

Precipitation Range: 18 - 25+"

Native

Cardboard Box

Oceanspray

Holodiscus discolor

Mature Height: 3 - 9'

Growth Rate: Moderate

Wildlife Value: Browse and cover

Attracts: Bees and butterflies. Larval host of the Pale Swallowtail and some Blue Butterflies

Flowers: Cream

Bloom: May - July (late spring - mid summer)

Precipitation Range: 18 - 25+"

Native

Cardboard Box

Black Hawthorn

Crataegus douglasii

Mature Height: 12 - 30'

Growth Rate: Slow

Wildlife Value: Food and cover

Attracts: Moths, bees, & butterflies

Flowers: White

Bloom: May - June (late spring - early summer)

Precipitation Range: 16 - 25+"

Native

Cardboard Box

Serviceberry

Amelanchier alnifolia

Mature Height: 6 - 15'

Growth Rate: Slow

Wildlife Value: Good cover and food

Attracts: Bees and butterflies

Flowers: White

Bloom: May - June (late spring - early summer)

Precipitation Range: 12 - 25"

Native

Background Photo:
Megan Martin Aust, Pacific CD